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Assessment and Research


"Equivalency Examinations in Freshman English." Report to the meeting of the Association of Departments of English at the Modern Language Association convention, New York, December 26, 1972.  Printed in the ADE Bulletin, February, 1973.


"Mass Testing of Individual Writing:  The California Model." Journal of Basic Writing, I (Spring/Summer, 1978), 18-38.


Reviews of the "Graduate Record Examination, Advanced Literature in English" and the "CLEP Subject Examination, English Literature" for the Eighth Mental Measurements Yearbook (Institute of Mental Measurements, Oscar K. Buros, Dir.), 1978, I, 156-157.


"The California State University English Placement Test: Purpose and Potential." WPA: Writing Program Administration, 1 (Spring, 1980), 19-22.


"Racial Minorities and Writing Skills Assessment in The California State University and Colleges" (with Leon Thomas). College English, 42 (March, 1981), 276-283.


"Some Issues in the Testing of Writing," Notes From the National Testing Network in Writing (CUNY, October, 1982), p. 17.


"Research in Composition Programs: Faculty Attitudes and Beliefs About the Teaching of Writing" (with Linda Polin). WPA: Writing Program Administration, 8 (Fall-Winter 1984), 37-45.


"Patterns of Composition Instruction" (with Linda Polin),  WPA, 8 (Spring 1985), 25-34.


"Speaking Frankly: Writing Program Administrators Look at Instructional Goals and Faculty Retraining" (with Linda Polin). WPA, 9 (Fall-Winter 1985), 19-30.


"Writing Assessment: Definitions, Problems, Possibilities."  Keynote address at the first Missouri Colloquium on Writing Assessment (November 1987), in  Graphein, ed. Renee Betz (Warrensburg, Missouri: Central Missouri State University, 1988), pp. 1-14.


"Language and Reality in Writing Assessment."  College Composition and Communication 41 (May 1990): 187-200..


"Assessing Higher-Order Thinking and Communication Skills in College Graduates Through Writing."  The Journal of General Education 42.2 (1993): 105-122.    


“Going Around in Circles: Methodological Issues in Basic Writing Research” (with William DeGenaro).  Journal of Basic Writing 19.1 (Spring 2000): 22-35.


“The Opening of the Modern Era of Writing Assessment: A Narrative.” College English 63.3 (Jan. 2001): 306-320.

Review essay based on ten recent books on writing assessment. “The Changing Face of Writing Assessment.” Composition Studies 32.1 (Spring 2004): 109-116.

Review essay based on Brian Huot’s (Re)Articulating Writing Assessment and Bob Broad’s What We Really Value. Rhetoric Review 23.3 (2004): 281-85.

“The Misuse of Writing Assessment for Political Purposes.” Journal of Writing Assessment 2.1 (2005): 21-36.

“Portfolio Assessment in an American Engineering College” (with Martha Ostheimer). Assessing Writing 10 (2005): 61-73.

“The Scoring of Writing Portfolios: Phase 2.” College Composition and Communication 56.4 (2005): 581-600.

Articles on Teaching English:


"Writing for Nobody." College English, 31 (1969), 166-168. Repr. The Education Digest, 35 (March, 1970), 32-33. 

            “Comment and Rebuttal,” College English, 31 (1970): 868-869.


"Ten Questions on `English Teaching' for English Professional Organizations." The CEA Forum, 9 (December, 1978), 11.


"The Uneasy Compromise: Testers and Teachers of English." National Forum, 60 (Fall 1980): 26-28.


"Writing as a Paradigm for Thinking." Selections (Graduate Management Admissions Council), 1 (Spring 1984): 3-7.


"Holisticism." College Composition and Communication, 35 (December, 1984): 400-409.


"The Damage of Innovations Set Adrift."  AAHE Bulletin 43.3 (November 1990): 3-5.

            ERIC No. ED325042.


"Writing, Not Fighting: Student Letters as Problem-Solving in the Elementary Class-room."  With Volney S. White.   Journal of Teaching Writing, 9 (Summer 1990): 1-10.


"Shallow Roots or Taproots for Writing across the Curriculum?" ADE Bulletin 98, (Spring, 1991): 29-33.


"Writers, Writing, and Composition Textbooks."  Notes in the Margins, November, 1994.


"Issues and Problems in Writing Assessment."  Assessing Writing 1.1 (1994): 11-27.


"An Apologia for the Timed, Impromptu Essay Test."  College Composition and Communication 46.1 (February 1995): 28-43.


"The Importance of Placement and Basic Studies: Helping Students Succeed Under the New Elitism."  The Journal of Basic Writing 14.2 (Fall 1995): 75-84.


“Assessment in American Colleges and Universities: Elitism vs. Egalitarianism in Higher Education.”  Anglistik: Mitteilungen des Verbandes Deutscher Anglisten 6.2 (September 1995): 118-127.


“New Bytes Need New Bottles: Fitting the Computer Into the Curriculum.”  AAHE       Bulletin 48.4 (December 1995): 11-14.


“Dangerous Reading: The Unabomber as College Freshman.” WPA: Writing Program Administration 26.1/2 (Fall/Winter 2002): 71-73.

Bibliographical and Critical Literary Scholarship

"Thackeray, `Dolly Duster,' and Lady Charlotte Campbell Bury." Review of English Studies, 16 (1965): 35-43.

"Thackeray's Contributions to Fraser's Magazine." Studies in Bibliography, 19 (1966), 67-84.

"Emma and the Parodic Point of View." Nineteenth Century Fiction, 18 (1963), 55-63.  Repr. in Emma: Analytic Notes and Review, New York: American R.D.M. Corp., 1964.

 "A Critical Theory of Mansfield Park." Studies in English Literature, 7 (1967),  659-677.  Excerpt repr. in Nineteenth Century Literature Criticism, 25, New
York: Gale Research Company, 1990, p. 151.

"Freedom is Restraint:  The Pedagogical Problem of Jane Austen."  San Jose Studies, 2 (February, 1976), 84-90.

"Post-Structural Literary Criticism and Responding to Student Writing." College Composition and Communication, 34 (May, 1984), 186-195.  Repr. in The Writing Teacher's Sourcebook, 2nd ed., Gary Tate and Ed Corbett (Eds.), New York: Oxford University Press, 1988, pp. 285-293.  Repr. in Richard Straub, A Sourcebook for Responding to Student Writing, Cresskill NJ: Hampton Press, 1999, 99-106.



"The Presence of Pain." Carleton Miscellany, Fall, 1961.

Listed as "Honorable Mention" in the Martha Foley prize collection.


Reviews and Journalism                   


Regular newspaper book reviews for The Los Angeles Times 1966 to 1988. Occasional syndication.


Regular newspaper book reviews for The Los Angeles Herald Examiner, 1982-84.  Pseud. "Eugen Eisen."


Occasional book reviews for The Chronicle of Higher Education, 1973-1978.

Also "Opinion" articles in CHE February 3, 1975, p. 24; October 6, 1980, p. 29; Feb. 24, 1993, p. A44.


"Why Have Kids? A Talk is Left Up in the Air." The Los Angeles Times, January 14, 1980, Op-Ed Page.  Repr. Halsey Taylor, Read to Write  (NY: Scott, Foresman, 1981),  171-175; Brenda Smith, Picking Up the Pace  (NY: Scott, Foresman, 1983),  213-216.


Short articles in Voice (Teachers' Edition):  "Essay Testing and Essay Questions" (Jan. 23, 1981) and "A Sense of Direction" (Feb. 5, 1982).   


Review of Measures for Research and Evaluation in the English Language Arts, vol. 2, in College Composition and Communication, 38 (May, 1987),  212-213.


Review of The Evaluation of Composition Instruction, 2nd ed., in The Quarterly (National Writing Project), 10, April 1988, 20-22.


"European vs American Higher Education" (with Rudiger Ahrens).  Change, September/October 1989, 52-55.  Repr. Amerika Dienst (USIS) June 5, 1991; American Studies Newsletter May 1991. University Book, University of Arizona, 1998.


Review of Sharon Crowley, A Teacher's Guide to Deconstruction, in College Composition and Communication, 41 (February 1990): 96-97.


Crossword Puzzles in Change Magazine:  "Whirled of Higher Education," March-April 1990; "Encounters in Western Sieve,"  January-February 1991; "The Ivys," March-April 1992; "Duel Majors," May-June 1993;  "General Education and Other Military Figures in Academe," Sept-Oct 1994.  Also “Rhetoricians on Location” in Rhetoric Review 19.1/2 (Fall 2000): 92-93.


Review of Mike Rose, Lives on the Boundary, in WPA, 13 (Spring 1990): 47-49.


Review of Norbert Elliot, Max Plata, and Paul Zelhart, A Program Development         Handbook for the Holistic Assessment of Writing, CCC, 41 (1990), 480-481.


Review essay based on Pat Belanoff and Marcia Dickson, Portfolios: Process and Product, in College Composition and Communication, 43 (December 1992), 537-539.


Review essay based on Christine Farris and Chris M. Anson, Eds., Under Construction: Working at the Intersections of Composition Theory, Research, and Practice, in Rhetoric Review 18.1 (Fall 1999): 189-192.


Review essay based on Charles R. Cooper and Lee Odell, Evaluating Writing: The Role of Teachers’ Knowledge About Text, Learning, and Culture, Urbana, IL: NCTE, 1999, in Assessing Writing 7 (2000): 185-86.