The History of Blogging
In the beginning there were digital communities . . .
1978: The First Computer Bulletin Board System, CBBS, Goes
diagram of some Usenet servers and clients. The blue, green, and red
dots on the servers represent which groups they carry. Arrows between
servers indicate that the servers are sharing the articles from the
groups. Arrows between computers and servers indicate that the user is
subscribed to a certain group, and uploads and downloads articles to
and from that server."
In online forums and other online discussion spaces, a hit-and-run post is the term used to describe users who register for the service, post one message, then never return. In most cases these single posts contains information not related to the forum topic or the post may contain a single URL that is posted for the purpose of advertising (Webopedia).
continued chronology . . .
1989 - Berners-Lee ". . . published protocols for HTTP, HTML and URLs . . . he built the first graphical, point-and-click browser, which he dubbed WorldWideWeb. He had a web site http://info.cern.ch/ that although not technically a blog, it exhibited two characteristics common to today's blogs: It served as a resource for web pointers from a trusted editor, and it served as as spur to dialog and collaboration" (Stefanac, 37-38).
1994 - online diaries.
1997 - The word "blog" is shortened from weblog
Merholz. He says he will call them "wee blogs." The term "weblog" is coined by Jorn
1999 (A big year)
Jesse-James Garrett publishes 23 weblogs on Infosift
Jesse-James Garrett publishes 23 weblogs on Infosift(Stefanac, 107). See: The Page of Only.
The last VLOG! (Dark Night). Scripting News by Dave
is also one of the original and longest running weblogs. The first
weblogs were very much like websites that were updated on a regular
basis. As time went on, software tools were created that allowed for
web articles to be ". . . posted in reverse chronological order made
the publishing process feasible to a much larger, less technical,
population. Ultimately, this resulted in the distinct class of online
publishing that produces blogs we recognize today"(Wikipedia).
Rebecca Blood writes:
Rebecca Blood writes:
2000 -Boing Boing at http://boingboing.net/. "The site began as a zine in 1988 and became a website in 1995 and then in 2000 a weblog which the authors called a 'directory of wonderful things.' It was one of the first blog sites to advertise and reach "financial stability." One of the editors, Cory Doctorow, has been influential in the blog world and The Creative Commons (Stefanac, 39-41).
2001 - Blogosphere
coined by William Quick: the word refers to the universe of blogs
(Cooper, 15). A blogosphere is a social network, primarily in text that
can be archived and traced back to its original blogger (Tremayne, x-xi). - 9/11: The event that marked the beginning of
political blogging (Tremayne, xii). See
Charles Cooper's blog post from September, 21,
"When Blogging Came of Age. . - Fisking,
a type of rebuttal particularly associated with political blogs:a
blogger will copy text he may disagree with and point to text he
believes correct (Cooper, 293).
2001 - Blogosphere coined by William Quick: the word refers to the universe of blogs (Cooper, 15). A blogosphere is a social network, primarily in text that can be archived and traced back to its original blogger (Tremayne,Introduction
- 9/11: The event that marked the beginning of political blogging (Tremayne,Introduction
xii). See Charles Cooper'sCnet.com
blog post from September, 21, 2001 "When Blogging Came of Age.". . . Blogs, by their nature, spawn communities " (Stefanac, 3)
- Fisking, a type of rebuttal particularly associated with political blogs:a blogger will copy text he may disagree with and point to text he believes correct (Cooper, 293).
2006 - Technorat.com
reports nearly fifty million blogs (approximately 50,000 new posts an
hour). Technorat.com can handle "blog-specific searches" thus
capturing clusters of related blogs ( . -
Technorat.com can handle "blog-specific searches" thus capturing clusters of related blogs (Tremayne, Introduction xi)
-Micro-blogging: allows users to write brief text updates (usually 140 characters) and publish them, either to be viewed by anyone or by a restricted group which can be chosen by the user. These messages can be submitted by a variety of means, including text messaging, instant messaging, email, MP3 or the web. The most popular service is Twitter, which was launched in July 2006 (Wikipedia).
2007 - ". . . today two-thirds of all blogs are written-in descending order by frequency-in Japanese, Chinese, Korean, Spanish, Italian, Russian, French, Portuguese, and German (Stefanac, 2).
The future holds . . .
"The numbers of clients is so great that the need is for a server to be able to operate more or less independently of the number of clients. The are cases when the readership of documents is so great that the load on severs becomes quite unacceptable" (Berners-Lee, 1996).
The biggest trend on the horizon for blogging is the addition of features like videos, music, photos. And yet these same assets may lead to more cluttered blogs. The continued development of blogging software that allows for these additional features will also increase. "The biggest future blog-design challenge: How do we design blogs that will archive and present 20 years worth of content?"(Business Week, Innovations Q & A, The Future of the Blog , Interview with Mena Trott, 7/24/2006).
The future of blogging holds the possibility for increased cocooning; bloggers who will only access those blogs that align with their own views. This may lead to more one-dimensional mindsets that result in less diverse discussion and fragmentation of communities. Blogrolls' (see definition: CommonCraft November 25, 2003) ability for a collection of hyperlinks to weblogs placed on the side of a column of a weblog contribute to cocooning by pointing the blogger to an entire list of specifically related material. Blogwarms, or an exceptional number of blogs on the same topic, (See http://wordpress.com/tag/active-blogswarms/) are as an example of this (Cooper, 292-293).
Major impact on media and journalism and more locally focused blogging such as Backfence.com, an open-source type of journalism that "empowers the readers to become the producers" (Tremayne, 268-269). Bloggers will increasingly become ". . . the watchdogs of the watchdogs" (Tremayne, 270).
"The growth rate of blogs is impressive. Technorati, a search engine that monitors blogs, tracked more than 8 million online diaries as of March 21, up from 100,000 just two years ago. A new blog is created every 7.4 seconds. That adds up to 12,000 new blogs a day, 275,000 posts a day and 10,800 updates an hour" From:The future of blogging, KnowledgeWharton, Special to CNET News.com April 5, 2005.
Trend for future blogging as reported in The Future of Blogging by Darren Rouse, ProBlogger:
"So how do we plan for a better future, better for society?"
We ensure that that both technological protocols and social conventions respect basic values. That Web remains a universal platform: independent of any specific hardware device, software platform, language, culture, or disability. That the Web does not become controlled by a single company -- or a single country" (Berners-Lee, 2007).
Berners-Lee, T. (November, 1990). WorldWideWeb: Proposal for a hyperText project. Retrieved July 8, 2008, from http://www.w3.org/Proposal.html
Berners-Lee, T. (1996). The Web: Past, Present and Future.
Berners-Lee, T. (2007-03-01). The Future of the Web. Testimony before the United States House of Representatives Committee on Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Telecommunications and the Internet.
Berners-Lee, T.(2008). The Future
of the Web. NESTA. Retrieved July 18, 2008 from http://www.nesta.org.uk/future-of-web-tim-berners-lee/?playvideo=1
Blood, R. Weblogs: A history and perspective, Rebecca's Pocket. 07 Sept. 2000. 25 October 2006. Retrieved July 19, 2008 from http://www.rebeccablood.net/essays/weblog_history.html
Cooper, D. (2006). Watching the watchdog: Bloggers as
the fifth estate. Spokane, Wash.; Marquete Books.
Jensen, M. (2003). A Brief History of Weblogs. Columbia
Journalism Review at Columbia
School of Journalism, 3. Retrieved July 10, 2008, from