LRC560 Bib Page
How are "social actions organized and locally
produced, in the here and now"(76)?
The subjects of the study were 8 ESL students. All were graduate students
in Foreign Languages and Literature from Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore.
They were advanced learners of reading and writing and were intermediate
in speaking and listening. The students said that they were not confident
in their "linguistic knowledge for communicative purposess"(78). The
participation and motivation of the students prompted the current study. Also,
native speakers of English and non-native speakers of English participated
through Webchat. A total of 36 subjects that included: 17 native
speakers of English from U.S. and Australia and 19 non-native speakers of
English from Brazil, Germany, Greece, Italy, Japan, Korea, Taiwan and Spain.
"Webchat was used during a period of one month"(78). The Webchat was
introduced as an ESL resource and used to teach both English and Internet/computer
skills. A total of almost four hours of conversation was collected.
"Sperling's ESL Chat Central was chosen because its explicit purpose
is to facilitate contact among native and non-native speakers of English"(78).
Of the four hours, 2 hours and 58 minutes were recorded interactions
of the 8 ESL students and the native and non-native speakers of English. The
postings were "time-stamped" to ensure accurate time sequence and reliability.
Participants used many different ways to convey paralinguistic features
such as upper case letters and Emoticons. The study participants "clearly
demostrate the context relevance of Webchat in their interactions"(86).
The study was useful in facilitating interactions among native speakers
of English and non-native speakers of English and the ESL students gained
more confidence in conversational skills in English.
I was confused about who was doing what because the study indirectly answered
the research question. Were there two studies going on at the same time?