Part II. The 3rd Reich & the Holocaust Era, Jan 1933-May 1945
Murderous Racism and Antisemitism - Bureaucracy of Evil
Perpetrators, Collaborators, Victims, Bystanders, Resisters, Rescuers

B. World War II, Sept. 1939-May, 1945: “New Order” & Holocaust

1. 1939-41: Exporting Nazism - Lebensraum, Racism, Antisemitism & Dehumanization

TEN- b
The War Against the Jews - Europe & North Africa (2)

"the Jewish question today was no longer a German problem: it had become a world problem." 1

Bauer 248-265 (excellent)
Timeline: WWII.
Cybrary of the Holocaust.



I. Define/Identify

Italy. Denmark. Drancy. Petain; Vichy. Varian Fry. Libya. Tunisia. Madagascar.

II. Multiple-Choice Questions

1. By July 1940 the Nazis ruled nearly all of Europe except

a) Britain
b) France

2. The push into Poland and the progressive subjugation of other societies & states would bring millions of ‘unwanted’ ___________ into other Nazi sphere of influence.
a) Jews
b) Handicapped

3. By July 1940 the Nazis ruled nearly all of Europe except
a) Britain
b) Spain

4. Germany exported its Jewish policy to those countries with cooperation of their political leadership & bureaucracy, which promulgated decrees that segregated Jews. These steps included
a) enactment of laws that defined who was a Jew
b) a census of the Jewish population
c) a requirement that Jews register their assets for eventual ‘Aryanization’\
d) an edict that required Jews to wear a Star of David armband
e) all the above

5. Jewish persecution because of antisemitic ideology was not limited to only occupied territories within __________.
a) Europe
b) Australia

6. Consistently, in Western Europe & in North Africa, Jews were deprived of
a) food
b) human rights

7. In Italy, from Mussolini’s seizure of power in October 1922 to the passage of the racial laws in November 1938, ___________ was a marginal phenomenon in Italy.
a) antisemitism
b) fascism

8. In 1938, Italy adopted _____ that adapted German racial theories to Italian conditions; they also angered the Holy See and the population in general. Nevertheless, they were enforced
a) racial laws
b) fascist laws

9. In Italy, Jews were excluded from the civil service, the army, & the ownership of enterprises, but the government resisted all German demands that Jews be ________
a) killed
b) deported

10. This country ______ resisted any coercion on the Jewish question. Therefore, neither anti-Jewish legislation nor ‘Aryanization’ were attempted by the Germans.
a) Denmark
b) Rumania

11. Because of arrests, brutal treatment of the Jews, & deportations, municipal workers of this country _____ called for a general strike on February 25 - it was the only massive non-Jewish action in Europe in support of Jews during the Nazi era.
a) France
b) Netherlands

12. Defeated in June 1940, _______ was split into 2 regions
a) France
b) England

13. Germany occupied 3/5 of France -the larger, northern, but permitted collaborationist Marshal Philippe _____, to establish a government in the unoccupied rest -the southern sector, known as _____ - a puppet state
a) De Gaulle. Bordeaux, France
b) Petain. Vichy France

14. The first roundups of foreign Jews from the occupied northern zone, occurred in May 1941, commencing the transports to the _____
a) east
b) south

15. In Vichy France, the ________ consul at Bordeaux, Aristides de Sousa Mendes, issued ____ transit visas to 1000s of Jewish refugees against his government’s instructions -perhaps the largest rescue action by a single individual during the Holocaust.
a) Spanish
b) Portuguese

16. On March 29, 1941, the government created the Commissariat for Jewish Affairs under the notorious antisemite_______, to coordinate anti-Jewish measures
a) Xavier Vallat
b) Xavier Petain

17. An unlikely American secret agent who traveled to France in June of 1940, to help Jews & enemies of the Third Reich, for safe travel across France.
a) Varian Fry
b) John Fry

18. Following France’s defeat, and under the provision of the French-German armistice of June 1940, French ________was considered part of Vichy France
a) South Africa
b) North Africa

19. Petain and his administration extended the racial laws enacted in the French non-occupied territory to the 3 countries of the Maghreb -Tunisia, Algeria, & ____
a) Morocco b) Ivory Coast

20. In North Africa, Jewish prisoners (foreign & local) were dispersed over 30 camps, which for all practical purposes were no different from _________
a) concentration camps b) jail

21. The Jews of _________, in North Africa, were under Italian fascist rule. Hundreds of French, British nationals, were detained in the Giado (Jadu) concentration camp
a) Ivory Coast b) Libya

22. The deportation of Jews to an African colony, in ________, French island off the southeast coast of Africa, was considered briefly after the Nazi victory over France in 1940
a) Madagascar b) Mauritus

23. This initial period, 1939-41, was a period of ________ Jews were deprived of elementary human rights, including freedom of movement, robbed of their properties, dismissed from the professions, crowded in ghettos
a) dehumanization b) tolerance

Copyright Fall 1999, November 2003, January 2004 Edith Shaked
Credit/source: Gary M. Grobman, The Holocaust - A guide for Teachers, 1990
The Holocaust & WEBliography:

1 Hitler's Speech in Munich, 24 February, 1939: quoted in N H Baynes, The Speeches of Adolf Hitler, Oxford University Press, 1942, Volume I, pp.743)