Study Guide (SG) #1

I. Ideological Roots - Antecedents & Context

1. Dynamics of Prejudice - Human Nature & Behavior

I. Identify/Define
Holocaust/Shoah, stereotype, prejudice, bigotry, scapegoat, pogrom, genocide, ethnocentrism, racism.

II. Match the following Terms with their Definitions:

1. Holocaust/Shoah A. organized, and often government-sponsored mob massacre of Jews.
2. Stereotype B. intolerance for the beliefs of others/minority groups.
3. Prejudice C. person or group unfairly blamed for mistakes or failures of others.
4. Bigotry D.generalized image of person/group, which is often prejudicial.
5. Scapegoat E. coined by Wilhelm Marr, prejudice/hostility against Jews.
6. Ethnocentrism F. the killing of an entire group for cultural, religious or racial reasons
7. Discrimination G. destruction of six million Jews by the Nazis & their accomplices
8. Ghetto H. belief that one's own ethnic, religious/political group is superior to
all others.
9. Antisemitism I. treating one person/certain groups of people differently.
10. Pogrom J. Preconceived negative/unfavorable opinion against a person/group
based on a stereotype; irrational hatred of other
11. Genocide K. section of city in which Jews lived

III. Multiple-Choice Questions

1. Two terms that scholars frequently use to describe the 20th century event (1933-45) that culminated in the systematic murder of an estimated 6 million Jews:
a) Holocaust and the Big Problem
b) Holocaust and Shoah

2. This term means “fire that causes destruction,” a “burning whole,”
a) Holocaust
b) pogrom

3. The systematic and planned extermination of an entire national, racial, political, or ethnic group —killing of an entire ‘different’ group
a) genocide
b) mass murder

4. A generalized fixed conception, or image of a person or group, which is regarded as embodying or conforming to a set image or type -does not acknowledge individual differences, and which is often prejudicial to that person or group
a) stereotype b) discrimination

5. A preconceived negative & unfavorable opinion/attitude formed against ‘another’ person or group, based on a stereotype, & held in disregard of the facts; suspicion, intolerance, or irrational hatred of other races, creeds, religions, ethnic groups, homosexuals, the poor, immigrants, etc.
a) preference b) prejudice

6. Intolerance for ‘others,’ minority groups, and those who are ‘different’
a) bigotry
b) antisemitism

7. Person or group of persons unfairly blamed for the mistakes or failures of others, promoted through the use of propaganda (someone on whom to heap the blame for others’ problems or mistakes)
a) rat
b) scapegoat

8. The belief that one’s own ethnic, religious, or politic group is superior to all others
a) racism
b) ethnocentrism

Review & Discussion Questions

1. What was the Holocaust?

2. “Genocide can never be eliminated because it is deeply rooted in human nature.” Explain pyramid of hatred.

Copyright fall 1999, fall 2003 Edith Shaked