PCC offers unique Diversity & Harmony relations
Certificate for professional development - A Mandate for the 21st Century

For Equity in Diversity & Democratic Inclusion - equal dignity, racial & equitable justice

Introduction - Background & Problems

America's work force & society in general is becoming highly diverse with respect to gender, race, ethnicity, religion, disabilities, sexual orientation, and many other background characteristics. “Courses and campus activities that emphasize diversity & diverse perspectives have a positive effect on education of college students. ... 91% of Arizonans agree that the nation’s growing diversity make it more important than ever for all of us to understand people who are different from ourselves.’ ‘Arizona has seen a dramatic increase in the number of hate crimes. ... There were numerous reports of increased activity on the eastside by Aryan brotherhood-type youth gangs.”1

“‘A federal judge yesterday struck down a Louisiana law that allows public schools to set aside time for prayer.’‘ improper racial profiling to stop & question blacks & Hispanics, contributing to turbulent racial tensions ... has gained increased national attention.’2

“Gilbert schools face racial bias charges ... complaints from students & former teachers that it discriminates against minorities. Minority students, particularly blacks, say they are disciplined more harshly than white ... example of double standard ... The East Phoenix area chapter of the National Association for the advancement of Colored People said it plans to file a federal civil rights complaint.”3 “Nearly 1 of 8 black school children was suspended in 1998-98 while only one of 30 white students received the same punishment, the Education Department said.”4

On the path of equity - EEOC chief leads employers on the path of equity. ... in the 1999 fiscal year her agency filed 465 lawsuits on behalf of workers who alleged discrimination and won $307 million for the charging parties. ... mediated 5,000 cases and obtained $58 million for the charging parties ... concerned about the growing number of harassment cases the agency is receiving. ... ‘Our country has not been able to turn the corner when it comes to employment discrimination,’ she said (Ida Castro, chairman of the US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission) ”5

Purpose - Strategies & Solutions for the Future

Charges of racial bias & profiling are being revealed, raising issues of equality, justice, & democratic values. Thus, there is a need for colleges and universities to prepare and train students to be fair & just leaders in very diverse settings. The new Pima Community College certificate addresses a very necessary service.

Tucson employers & employees can now take advantage of a practical new resource for training key personnel on how to build diversity & harmony in the workplace & the community. The new certificate, which may be issued after completion of three, 3-credit-hour courses, is a long-term, permanent educational initiative to prepare the person for conflict resolution on the job & in the community, to foster positive intergroup relations and fairer & more equitable workplace practices, and to help strengthening a truly democratic community. Its purpose is to empower students to contribute to the advancement of equity in diversity & democratic inclusion, racial & equitable justice, meaningful equality, & equal dignity - treating all persons equally, justly & fairly, & by that creating harmony. This is very important for employers and for the community, in the context of racial bias and discrimination charges increasing--from New York to Los Angeles.

The certificate program focuses on the kind of community we as its members choose to create. One in which we recognize all within it as ‘us,’ -and not one in which there are the ‘them’ & the ‘us.’ One in which the weak have a protected place & an equal voice. And one in which we all recognize & implement our obligations to one another - and not a community in which everyone is out for themselves and has minimal obligations to others.

The program is a preventive & proactive educational option for students. It prepares them to compete successfully in continuing higher education, & in local and global markets, and to function at the peak of their potential in an increasingly diverse 21st-century. In addition, the program helps offset the effects of existing discrimination by race, religion, gender, disability, age, and other differences in our society, discrimination which artificially reduces the pools of talent available to us, to which we are exposed, and unnecessarily limits the range of experience and perspectives. This new educational initiative benefit everybody, the learner, the community, & the workforce.

The Diversity & Harmony certificate program is unique among American diversity training programs in focusing on equity in diversity & democratic inclusion to promote harmony, and in its combined emphasis on:

* Developing an understanding of the ramifications of prejudice, antisemitism,
bias, racism, bigotry, intolerance, and stereotyping in society.
• encouraging individuals to be bridge builders and agents of change both on the
job and in the community.
• heightening a student's awareness of societal differences & similarities, and of the
necessity of equitable practices & equity in diversity.
* Increasing intergroup understanding, and social identity development
• building strong quality team players,
• helping provide a harmonious working environment and
* Assisting students in obtaining the skills, knowledge, and values they need to
become empowered, active individuals engaged in their workplaces and their

Specific Rationale For Introduction of a New Program

Diverse perspectives, societal & cultural attitudes & opinions slowly change - not within a day, and not by one specific idea or experience. The new program is designed to connect ideas and experiences by focusing on social, economic, historical, philosophical, political, cultural, and ethical issues in a variety of disciplines; it also focuses on early warning signs, such as hate crimes. Students are challenged to think critically & to examine the assumptions concerning issues of diversity & harmony relations, equality, justice, & democracy. Specifically, courses in this program will increase students’ understanding of the following:

* How prejudice, hatred, and dehumanization originate and manifest themselves
* How such patterns become rationalized within individuals and in society
* Examples of major social confrontations, conflicts, mass destructions, and genocides
* How to explore ways to resolve conflict
* How to nurture peaceful social and political relationships, and ethical decision-making

Target Population

There are multiple audiences. The program is worthwhile, having wide effect.

* The courses may be taken as a certificate program. The series of courses can be clustered for on-the-job professional development for teachers, public relations employees, hotel & restaurant employees, and others.

* The courses may be taken as a component of the Arizona General Education Curriculum (AGEC). The courses may be a core of the general education program for any occupational or transfer degree student .


* Students will learn skills to confront, understand and resolve ethical dilemmas in their diverse community as well as the world.

* Students will grow in appreciation of the relationship between the rights and responsibilities of citizenship and community.

Learning Outcomes

* Demonstrate the ability to deal constructively with information, ideas, and emotions associated with issues of diversity and conflict, including culture, ethnicity, race, gender, religion, age, sexual orientation and abilities.

* Describe an understand the U.S. as a multicultural society.

Catalog Description

Diversity and Harmony Relations is an interdisciplinary program. It draws upon insights from disciplines such as history, anthropology, humanities, sociology, philosophy, and psychology.

* The program courses emphasize diversity and diverse perspectives, and foster a humanistic climate that promotes conflict resolution, tolerance, equal dignity, understanding and appreciation of differences, mutual respect, equity, harmony, interventions, and the formulation of ethical theories of human relationships.

* The program focuses on how to explore ways to resolve conflict, and how to nurture peaceful social and political relationships - including ethical decision making.

* Students are challenged to think critically, and examine the assumptions concerning issues of discrimination, and hatred for reasons of race, gender, creed, ethnicity, nationality, sexual orientation, or other reasons.

* Students examine and discuss the implications of antisemitism, racism, stereotypes, bias, prejudice, bigotry and intolerance.


The interdisciplinary courses within this certificate heighten a student’s awareness of societal differences & similarities, and the necessity of equitable practices. Students enrolled in the program will be required to complete 9-24 credit hours (cr. hrs).

The core courses
listed below, have been chosen to insure exposure to all kind of differences.

The Program Core Courses
(9 cr. hrs.)

* PSY 216 (3) Psychology of Gender or ANT 202 (3) Sex, Gender, & Culture: Upon completion of the course, the student will be able to differentiate relevant theoretical orientations and explanatory frameworks; examine development of gender identities ...

* HIS 274 (3) The Holocaust: The Nazi assault on humanity; exploration in prejudice & lessons from the past; the apparatus of the modern state enlisted to eliminate the ‘other’ & the ‘imperfect,’ the one who is not a healthy, heterosexual, blond & blue-eye Aryan.

* HUM 260 (3) Intercultural Perspectives: Looks at the creative arts of 4 ethnic groups broadly defined as Native Americans, Hispanic-, African-, and Asian-Americans, who have enriched the culture of the U.S. ... historical issues of race & ethnicity will be examined.

Uniqueness - A program on ethnic and intergroup/cross-cultural studies, with a Holocaust core course, make this program unique. The Holocaust provides a context for a pedagogical examination of basic moral issues, and for exploring prejudice and the dangers of remaining silent, apathetic, and indifferent in the face of others’ oppression. The subject raises questions of fairness, justice, individual identity, peer pressure, conformity, indifference and obedience. This course is also important in the program, because “the world acknowledges that the Holocaust happened and that it stands as a landmark of man’s faculty for evil. The Holocaust is more than a Jewish tragedy, it is a human disaster ... the Nazi assault on humanity.”6 The purpose, is to use the memory and the meaning of the Holocaust as a tool, and as a weapon in the fight against any hate-crime and genocide, and to reject hate-based policies.

Students should seek to learn from the past in order to avert repetition of events, and to find solutions to complex issues. Moreover, the program focuses on developing strategies for a more peaceful future.

In addition to the three interdisciplinary core courses, from one to 5 additional, 3-credit-hour courses may be selected, based on individual or organizational goals.

The Program Support Courses (15 credit hours)

ANT 203 (3) Ethnic Groups and Cultures

PHI 130 (3) Introductory Studies in Ethics and Social Philosophy: ethics & morality
PSY 250 (3) Social Psychology

SOC 120 (3) Current United States Social Problems
SOC 201 (3) Minority Relations and Urban Development Emphasis

Uniqueness - This combination of core & additional courses goes far beyond other training programs, most of which focus only on an appreciation of diversity. The new Pima Community College program focuses on equity in diversity & democratic inclusion, to promote harmony, and democratic development.

University Transfer General Education Emphasis

Core & Support Courses may fulfill General Education Requirements for many Pima Community College programs/degrees in Arts, Business Administration, Science, or in an Applied Art Degree (occupational degree). The courses could be clustered as Diversity & Harmony Relations certificate for students seeking a university transfer associate degree. The courses, all transferable as general education credits, would be clustered for:
AGEC-A 9 cr. of Core ANT 202 or PSY 216, HIS 274, and HUM 260
9 cr. from ANT 203, PHI 130, PSY 250, SOC 120, and SOC 201

AGEC-B 9 cr. of Core ANT 202 or PSY 216, HIS 274, and HUM 260

AGEC-S 9 cr. of Core ANT 202 or PSY 216, HIS 274, and HUM 260
3 cr. from ANT 203, PHI 130, PSY 250, SOC 120, and SOC 201

The courses will also complement any occupational or transfer program to Arizona higher education institutions:

1. University Transfer Programs: Hospitality/Tourism Hospitality, Liberal Arts etc.
2. Occupational Programs for Direct Employment: Administration, Business, Communication Graphics, Finance: Banking, Finance: Credit Union, Hosp/Tour: Hospitality Management, Hosp/Tour: Travel Industry Operations, Hosp/Tour: Tourism & Destination Deve., etc.
3. Government & Public Service: ROTC -Air Force, ROTC-Army, ROTC-Navy, Administration of Justice Studies, ...
4. Health & Wellness: Dental Hygiene, Nursing ...
5. Technology: Automotive Technology, Aviation Tech ...
6. General Studies

Business, Industrial, Governmental, and Professional Development Emphasis

The series of courses may be clustered for
business, industrial, governmental, and educational organization, and could include from 9 to 24 credits with 9 credits of Core:

ANT 202 or PSY 216, HIS 274, and HUM 260
0-15 credits tailored to the organizational need from:
ANT 203, PHI 130, PSY 250, SOC 120, and SOC 201

A Certificate will be awarded. The Diversity & Harmony Relations certificate has been approved by the State Board of Directors for Community Colleges of Arizona.


Focusing on cultural diversity and harmony is part of the College’s mission. This program offers the community and the College’s own students the opportunity to emphasize societal awareness, the principles of social equality & respect for any individual within a community, equity in diversity, & democratic inclusion. The new Diversity & Harmony certificate is unique, important for every campus and every learner, and benefit the wider community and workforce.

1 The Arizona Daily Star: 10/16/98, 11/15/98

2 The Arizona Daily Star, A10, A12, 6/15/00

3 The Arizona Daily Star, A5, 4/10/00

4 The Arizona Daily Star, A7, 6/15/00

5 The Star, Money Section, Thu, 3/23/00.

6 A History of the Holocaust, From Ideology to Annihilation, Botwinick, 1996