Ph.D. in Sociology, University of Arizona, 2008
M.A. in Sociology, University of Louisville, 2001
B.A. in Social Work, Perm State University, 1995
Social Networks, Stratification, Gender, Organizations, Russia and FSU
Quantitative Methods, Research Methods, Stratification, Gender, Organizations
Joseph Galaskiewicz, Beth M. Duckles, and Olga Mayorova. 2009. “Childcare Networks and Embedded Experiences.” Pp. 299-326 in Contexts of Social Capital: Social Networks in Communities, Markets, and Families edited by Ray-May Hsung, Nan Lin, and Ronald Breiger. New York: Routledge.
Theodore P. Gerber and Olga Mayorova. 2006. “Gender Differences in Labor Market Outcomes in Russia, 1991-1997.” Social Forces 84(4):2047-2075.
Gwen Moore, Sarah Sobieraj, J. Allen Whitt, Olga Mayorova, and Daniel Beaulieu. 2002. “Elite Interlocks in Three U.S. Sectors: Nonprofit, Corporate and Government.” Social Science Quarterly 83(3):726-744.
Title: “Social Capital and Institutional Transition: Regional Context of Network Use in Job Search in Russia, 1985-2001”
Committee: Ronald L. Breiger (co-chair), Jane R. Zavisca (co-chair), Erin Leahey, Theodore P. Gerber
I use hierarchical regression to examine the influence of macro-level context on network use in job search. The study relies on a data set that combines individual job history data for years 1985 through 2001 collected by the Survey of Social Dynamics and Migration in Russia (SSMDR) in 40 regions in 2001-2002 and corresponding regional macro-economic data published by Goskomstat.
I find that, for the post-Soviet period, increase in network use in job search can be attributed to the growth of the private sector. I also find that the chances of finding a new job through personal ties are higher in the regions with larger small business sectors and in the regions with lower economic performance. The analysis shows that social networks do lead to employment in the private sector and that this relationship is positively affected by regional economic performance, but not by unemployment rate. I also find here that social ties are likely to lead to new jobs in small organizations, but that this relationship does not vary by region. Finally, I find that while the private sector rewards network use, small organizations do not and regional economic performance does not have an effect on this relationship.
These findings further our understanding of personal network use in the labor markets as they demonstrate that the assumption of spatial and temporal homogeneity in the use of personal ties in the labor market is not realistic. Contextual heterogeneity is responsible for a significant part of the unexplained diversity in social capital use in the labor market and should be accounted for in future studies. Furthermore, my results show that predictions of full labor market closure made by the proponents of the Soviet legacy perspective are not substantiated by empirical tests. Russian employers respond to changing local economic and institutional realities rather than reproduce the norms of the Soviet past.
Project on the Internally Displaced Persons in the Republic of Georgia led by Dr. Beth Mitchneck
(more to come...)