My work on memory has focused on the notion of multiple forms of memory, and the implications of this fact for a wide variety of phenomena. Some articles dealing with these issues are listed below.


Moscovitch, M., Westmacott, R., Gilboa, A., Addis, D., Rosenbaum, R.S., Viskontas, I., Priselac, S., Svoboda, E., Ziegler, M., Black, S., Gao, F., Grady, C., Freedman, M., Köhler, S., Leach, L., Levine, B., McAndrews, M.P., Nadel, L., Proulx, G., Richards, B., Ryan, L., Stokes, K., and Winocur, W. Hippocampal complex contribution to retention and retrieval of recent and remote episodic and semantic memories: Evidence from behavioral and neuroimaging studies of healthy and brain-damaged people, in Ohta, N., MacLeod, C. M., & Uttl, B. (Eds.) Dynamic cognitive processes, pp. 333-380, Tokyo: Springer-Verlag, 2005.

Hayes, S.M., Ryan, L., Schnyer, D., & Nadel, L. An fMRI Study of Episodic Memory: Retrieval of Object, Spatial, and Temporal Information Behavioral Neuroscience, 118, 885-896, 2004.

Payne, J.D. and Nadel, L. Sleep, dreams and memory consolidation: The role of the stress hormone cortisol. Learning and Memory, 11: 671-678, 2004.

Nadel, L., Ryan, L., Hayes, S., Gilboa, A., & Moscovitch, M. The role of the hippocampal complex in episodic long-term memory. In T. Ono, G. Matsumoto, R.R. Lllinas, A. Berthoz, R. Norgren, H. Nishijo & R., Tamura (Eds),) Cognition and Emotion in the Brain: Selected Topics of the International Symposium on Limbic and Association Cortical Systems, Toyama, Japan 7-12 October 2002, (Excerpta Medica International Congress Series, 1250, pp. 215-235), Amsterdam, Elsevier Science, 2003.

Nadel, L. & Payne, J.D. The hippocampus, wayfinding, and episodic memory. In P. Sharp (Ed). The neural basis of navigation: Evidence from single cell recording. pp. 235-247. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2002.

Nadel, L. and Bohbot, V. Consolidation of memory. Hippocampus, 11: 56-60, 2001.

Nadel, L. and Moscovitch, M. The Hippocampal Complex and Long-Term Memory Revisited, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 5, 228-230, 2001.

Ryan, L., Nadel, L., Keil, K., Putnam, K., Schnyer, D., Trouard, T., & Moscovitch, M. The hippocampal complex is equally involved in retrieving recent and very remote autobiographical memories: Evidence from functional magnetic resonance imaging in neurologically intact people. Hippocampus 11: 707-714, 2001.

Fujii, T, Moscovitch, M. and Nadel, L. Memory consolidation, retrograde amnesia, and the temporal lobe. F. Boller and J. Grafman (Eds) Handbook of Neuropsychology, pp. 223-250, Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, 2000.

Nadel, L., Samsonovitch, A., Ryan, L. and Moscovitch, M. Multiple trace theory of human memory: Computational, neuroimaging and neuropsychological results. Hippocampus, 10: 352-368, 2000.

Bohbot, V.D. Allen, J.J.B. and Nadel, L Memory deficits characterized by patterns of lesions to the hippocampus and parahippocampal cortex. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 911: 355-368, 2000.

Rosenbaum, R.S., Priselac, S., Kohler, S., Black, S.E., Nadel, L. and Moscovitch, M. Studies of remote spatial memory in an amnesic person with extensive bilateral hippocampal lesions. Nature Neuroscience, 3: 1044-1048, 2000.

Baddeley, A., Bueno, O., Cahill, L., Fuster, J.M., Izquierdo, I., McGaugh, J.L., Morris, R.G.M., Nadel, L., Routtenberg, A., Xavier, G. & Da Cunha, C. The brain decade in debate: I. Neurobiology of learning and memory. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, 33: 993-1002, 2000.

Nadel, L. and Land, C.L. Memory traces revisited. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 1: 209-212, 2000.

Moscovitch, M. & Nadel, L. Multiple-trace theory and semantic dementia: Response to K.S. Graham (1999). Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 3: 87-89, 1999.

Moscovitch, M., Yaschyshyn, T., Ziegler, M. & Nadel, L. Remote episodic memory and retrograde amnesia: Was Endel Tulving right all along? In Memory, consciousness and the brain: The Tallinn conference pp. 331-345, 1999.

Nadel, L. & Moscovitch, M. Hippocampal contribution to cortical plasticity. Neuropharmacology, 37: 431-440, 1998.

Moscovitch, M. & Nadel, L. Consolidation and the hippocampal complex revisited: In defense of the multiple-trace model. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 8: 297-300, 1998.

Bohbot, V., Kalina, M., Stepankova, K., Spackova, K., Petrides, M., and Nadel, L. Lesions to the right parahippocampal cortex cause spatial memory deficits in humans. Neuropsychologia, 36: 1217-1238, 1998.

Czeh, B., Seress, L., Nadel, L. & Bures, J. Lateralized fascia dentata lesion and blockade of one hippocampus: effect on spatial memory in rats. Hippocampus, 8: 647-650, 1998.

Nadel, L. and Moscovitch, M. Consolidation, retrograde amnesia and the hippocampal formation. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 7: 217-227, 1997.

Bohbot, V., Jech, R., Bures, J., Nadel, L. and Ruzicka, E. Spatial and non-spatial memory involvement in myasthenia gravis. Journal of Neurology, 244: 529-532, 1997.

Bohbot, V., Otahal, P., Liu, Z., Nadel, L. and Bures, J. Electronconvulsive shock and lidocaine reveal rapid consolidation of spatial working memory in the water maze task. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 93: 4016-4019, 1996.

Nadel, L. The selective role of the hippocampus in memory. In T. Ono, B.L. McNaughton, S. Molotchnikoff, E.T. Rolls, and H. Nishijo (Eds.) Perception, Memory and Emotion: Frontier in Neuroscience, Elsevier, Oxford, 1996.

Nadel, L. The Role of the Hippocampus in Declarative Memory: A Comment on Zola-Morgan, Squire and Ramus. Hippocampus, 5: 232-234, 1995.

Nadel, L. Multiple memory systems: What and Why. An Update. In D. Schacter and E. Tulving (Eds.) Memory Systems 1994, pp. 39-63, Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 1994.

Nadel, L. Multiple Memory Systems: What and Why. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 4: 179-188, 1992.

Nadel, L. Models of memory. In F. Morrell (Ed.) Kindling and synaptic plasticity: Graham Goddard’s legacy. Birkhauser Boston, 1991.

Polster, M., Nadel, L. and Schacter, D. Cognitive neuroscientific analyses of memory: A historical perspective. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 3: 95-116, 1991.

Morris, R.G.M., Hagan, J.J., Nadel, L., Jensen, J., Baudry, M. and Lynch, G.S. Spatial learning in the rat: impairment by the thiol-proteinase inhibitor, Leupeptin, and an analysis of [3H] Glutamate receptor binding in relation to learning. Neural and Behavioral Biology, 47: 333-345, 1987.

Squire, L.R., Cohen, N.J. and Nadel, L. The medial temporal region and memory consolidation: a new hypothesis. In H. Weingartner and E. Parker (Eds.) Memory consolidation. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1984.

Squire, L.R., Nadel, L. and Slater, P.C. Anterograde amnesia and memory for contextual information. Neuropsychologia 19: 141-145, 1981.

Barnes, C., Nadel, L. and Honig, W.K. Spatial memory deficits in senescent rats. Canadian Journal of Psychology 34: 29-39, 1980.

Black, A.H., Nadel, L. and O’Keefe, J. Hippocampal function in avoidance learning and punishment. Psychological Bulletin 84: 1107-1129, 1977.

O’Keefe, J., Nadel, L., Keightley, S. and Kill, D. Fornix lesions selectively abolish place learning in the rat. Experimental Neurology 48: 152-166, 1975.

Nadel, L. Interhemispheric transfer: monocular input and varied sensory conditions. Physiology and Behavior 6: 655-661, 1971.

Nadel, L. and Buresová, O. Monocular input and interhemispheric transfer: Reversed transfer trials. Behavioral Biology 5: 63-65, 1970.

Nadel, L. and Buresová, O. Interocular transfer in the hooded rat. Physiology and Behavior 4: 613-619, 1969.

Nadel, L. Dorsal and ventral hippocampal lesions and behavior. Physiology and Behavior 3: 891-900, 1968.

Nadel, L. and Buresová, O. Monocular input and interhemispheric transfer in the reversible split-brain. Nature 220: 914-915, 1968.

Nadel, L. Cortical spreading depression and habituation. Psychonomic Science 5: 119-120, 1966.


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