Classics 160D3: Crime and Punishment in the Ancient World
(ABOVE: Jacques-Louis David, "The Death of Socrates," 1787)
Office: Social Sciences 135
This course explores the history of criminal justice systems in the ancient Mediterranean through close examination of select primary sources. Its primary focus is Greece and Rome, but it will also cover Pharaonic Egypt and the Ancient Near East. We shall move chronologically, geographically, and topically, treating a broad range of literary and archaeological evidence. Of central importance to the course will be the issue of boundaries: between right and wrong, imprisonment and freedom, individual and state. Law codes from Mesopotamia, tomb robbery in the Egyptian New Kingdom, the trial and execution of Socrates, police in the streets of Rome, execution by gladiator, spiritual and allegorical punishment: the course encompasses it all!
By the end of this course, you should be able to:
There are no prerequisites.
The readings for this course will include selections from a number of texts which concern crime and punishment in the ancient world in one way or another: among these inscriptions from ancient Mesopotamia (Hammurabi's Code) and Egypt (The Harem Conspiracy and Tomb Robberies); classics of Greco-Roman literature, both prose (Plato's Apology, the speeches of Lysias and Demosthenes) and poetry (Sophocles' Oedipus the King; Hesiod's Works and Days); Roman law codes (the Codex Theodisianus); the autobiography of an emperor (the Res Gestae of Augustus) as well as letters written to one (Pliny's Letters, book 10); and even accounts of trips to hell (Virgil's Aeneid; Dante's Inferno). The full list of readings appears below (see the Course Schedule).
There is one required text for this course:
This is a sourcebook of primary readings for CLAS 160D3 available exclusively from Cognella/University Readers. ***Students must order this text directly from the publisher at the following url: https://students.universityreaders.com/store/.***
Any additional reading assignments for the course will be posted pn the course D2L site. Many (most?) of the readings will be in .pdf format. To view/download them, you will need Adobe Acrobat Reader (free download available here).
Grading for the course will be based on the following breakdown:
TEACHING ASSISTANTS AND OFFICE HOURS
There are two teaching assistants (TAs) for this course. The TAs will answer your questions about course policies, readings and assignments, and be responsible for grading much of your written work over the course of the semester. The TAs are the first points of contact for all questions about the course. You should not come to me with questions or complaints until you have first spoken with a TA and have been unable to resolve your issue with him/her.
TAs for CLAS 160D3, Spring 2016:
You are welcome to contact/visit either of the HIST 203 TAs with general questions about assignments or the course, though if you have an issue with a grade or an assignment, you should do your best to meet with the TA who grades your work. If your TA's posted office hours do not work with your schedule, please see about making an appointment for another day/time before contacting the other TA!
I will also hold weekly office hours in my office, Social Sciences 135: Mondays, noon–2 p.m. and Wednesdays, 1–2 p.m. These times are reserved for students doing honors contracts, those with issues that they have been unable to resolve with the TAs or those with general questions about the course.
OTHER (IMPORTANT!) COURSE POLICIES: READ CAREFULLY
There are fifteen assigments in CLAS 160D3. Each assignment consists of readings to do, images to view, a reading worksheet to complete, a quiz to take and a discussion to participate in. As noted above, in addition to these fifteen basic assignments there are three short papers to complete. You will be able to complete each of the papers after completing a set number of basic assignments (specific details on what you will be able to do when can be found in the table below).
Since this is an online course, it is in large part self-paced, but not completely. Whereas you are welcome to work as far ahead as you like, and finish the course super-early, there are also non-negotiable due dates for every assignment in the course, so you can't, say, wait until the last couple of weeks of the semester and do everything then.
***Please note: as of Assignment 5, initial posts on D2L discussions are due no later than 5 p.m. on the Thursday of the week in question. This is to allow each student enough time to read every thread in their group—and reply to three threads—in advance of the Friday, 5 p.m. deadline for handing in the rest of the assignment.***
Here's an outline of what is due when:
What follows is a list of assignments for CLAS 160D3 during the spring semester. Check this page often, as readings and assignments are subject to change. I will also (of course!) give you all a heads-up over email or on the course D2L page if a major shake-up is imminent.
Introductions: Life in the Ancient Near East
READ: Canadian Museum of History pages on Egyptian civilization and Oriental Institute pages on Mesopotamian civilization (click on each of the links on each page for brief overviews of daily life, religion, warfare, etc.)
COMPLETE (D2L) BY FRIDAY, 1/22, AT 5 P.M.: Reading Worksheet #1, D2L Quiz #1, Discussion #1
Mesopotamia: Birthplace of Civilization (and Law Codes!)
READ (D2L): Introduction, Hammurabi's Laws; (Bauschatz): Hammurabi's Laws (pp1–25)
COMPLETE (D2L) BY FRIDAY, 1/22, AT 5 P.M.: Reading Worksheet #2, D2L Quiz #2, Discussion #2
Egypt: Land of Crime?
READ (D2L): Joyce Tyldesley, "The Vizier: Upholder of Justice" (Chapter 2 of Judgement of the Pharaoh: Crime and Punishment in Ancient Egypt [London, 2000]); information on ancient papyri from Egypt; info on the Judicial Turin Papyrus and P.Leopold II-Amherst; (Bauschatz): the Judicial Turin Papyrus (pp45–57); P.Leopold II-Amherst (pp59–62)
COMPLETE (D2L) BY FRIDAY, 1/29, AT 5 P.M.: Reading Worksheet #3, D2L Quiz #3, Discussion #3
*You are now able to write short paper #1*
Right and Wrong in Greece and Egypt: The Eloquent Peasant and Hesiod's Works and Days
COMPLETE (D2L) BY FRIDAY, 2/5, AT 5 P.M.: Reading Worksheet #4, D2L Quiz #4, Discussion #4
SEE: a papyrus containing The Eloquent Peasant
Short Paper #1; Greek Law and Society
READ (D2L): Douglas MacDowell, "Greek Law" (pp589–606 of M. Grant and R. Kitzinger, eds., Civilization of the Ancient Mediterranean: Greece and Rome, vol. 1 [New York, 1988]); (Bauschatz): Xenophon, Constitution of the Spartans (pp95–114)
COMPLETE (D2L) BY FRIDAY, 2/12, AT 5 P.M.: Reading Worksheet #5, D2L Quiz #5, Discussion #5; ***first discussion thread due by 5 p.m. on Thursday, 2/11***
SUBMIT (D2L) BY FRIDAY, 2/12, AT 5 P.M.: Short Paper #1
Murder, etc., in Athens
READ (D2L): basic info on trials at Athens (CareyIntroduction.pdf); (Bauschatz): Lysias 1, On the Murder of Eratosthenes (pp115–123); Antiphon 1, Accusation of Poisoning against the Stepmother (pp125–130); Demosthenes 54, Against Conon for Battery (pp131–141)
COMPLETE (D2L) BY FRIDAY, 2/19, AT 5 P.M.: Reading Worksheet #6, D2L Quiz #6, Discussion #6; ***first discussion thread due by 5 p.m. on Thursday, 2/18***
Plato, Socrates and the Great Defense
READ: basic info on Plato and Socrates; (Bauschatz): Plato, Apology of Socrates (pp143–172); Plato, Crito (pp173–185)
COMPLETE (D2L) BY FRIDAY, 2/26, AT 5 P.M.: Reading Worksheet #7, D2L Quiz #7, Discussion #7; ***first discussion thread due by 5 p.m. on Thursday, 2/25***
*You are now able to write short paper #2*
COMPLETE (D2L) BY FRIDAY, 3/4, AT 5 P.M.: Reading Worksheet #8, D2L Quiz #8, Discussion #8; ***first discussion thread due by 5 p.m. on Thursday, 3/3***
Crime and Punishment in Ptolemaic Egypt
READ: basic info on the Ptolemies; (Bauschatz): John Bauschatz, selections from Law and Enforcement in Ptolemaic Egypt (pp259–286)
COMPLETE (D2L) BY FRIDAY, 3/11, AT 5 P.M.: Reading Worksheet #9, D2L Quiz #9, Discussion #9; ***first discussion thread due by 5 p.m. on Thursday, 3/10***
Short Paper #2; Rome, Augustus and the Res Gestae
READ: basic info on Roman history here (early), here (later), here (the time of Julius Caesar) and here (the lives of average citizens); basic info on the emperor Augustus; (Bauschatz): The Deeds of the Divine Augustus (pp287–295)
COMPLETE (D2L) BY FRIDAY, 3/25, AT 5 P.M.: Reading Worksheet #10, D2L Quiz #10, Discussion #10; ***first discussion thread due by 5 p.m. on Thursday, 3/24***
SUBMIT (D2L) BY FRIDAY, 3/25, AT 5 P.M.: Short Paper #2
Life and Law in the Roman Provinces
COMPLETE (D2L) BY FRIDAY, 4/1, AT 5 P.M.: Reading Worksheet #11, D2L Quiz #11, Discussion #11; ***first discussion thread due by 5 p.m. on Thursday, 3/31***
SEE: map of the Roman empire under Trajan (ruled A.D.98–117); Trajan's Column, Rome; Trajan's Column (2); Column, detail; map of the Roman province of Bithynia and Pontus (in dark red); Pliny the Younger, statue
Condemned to the Colosseum: Gladiatorial Punishment
COMPLETE (D2L) BY FRIDAY, 4/8, AT 5 P.M.: Reading Worksheet #12, D2L Quiz #12, Discussion #12; ***first discussion thread due by 5 p.m. on Thursday, 4/7***
SEE: scenes from the Zliten Mosaic (Libya, 2nd century A.D.) illustrating Roman gladiator types, executions of criminals and musicians; some types of gladiators; Pollice Verso, 1872 painting by Jean-Leon Gerôme
Cops and Robbers
READ (D2L): R.W.S. Davies, "Augustus Caesar: A Police System in the Ancient World," Chapter 1 of Pioneers in Policing, pp 12–26 (pp207–227; notes optional); biography of Lucian; (Bauschatz): Lucian, Alexander the Quack Prophet (pp361–384); more information on Glykon
COMPLETE (D2L) BY FRIDAY, 4/15, AT 5 P.M.: Reading Worksheet #13, D2L Quiz #13, Discussion #13; ***first discussion thread due by 5 p.m. on Thursday, 4/14***
READ: Theodosian Code basic info; (Bauschatz): Theodosian Code, Book 9, Titles 2–17 (pp385–411)
COMPLETE (D2L) BY FRIDAY, 4/22, AT 5 P.M.: Reading Worksheet #14, D2L Quiz #14, Discussion #14; ***first discussion thread due by 5 p.m. on Thursday, 4/21***
*You are now able to write short paper #3*
Damned if You Do, Damned if You Don't: Punishment in Hell
READ: basic info on Virgil and the Aeneid; summary of the Aeneid, books 1–5; (Bauschatz): Virgil, Aeneid, book 6 (pp297–330); Dante, short biography; Inferno: summary; (Bauschatz): Inferno, Cantos i–v (pp413–440)
COMPLETE (D2L) BY FRIDAY, 4/29, AT 5 P.M.: Reading Worksheet #15, D2L Quiz #15, Discussion #15; ***first discussion thread due by 5 p.m. on Thursday, 4/28***
SEE: statue of Aeneas carrying Anchises and leading Iulus from Troy; follower of Jan Mandyn (ca 1500–1560), Aeneas in the Underworld; map of Italy in Dante's time; map of hell in the Inferno 1; map 2 (by Botticelli - and interactive!); Inferno manuscript from the 14th century illustrating the ninth circle
Short Paper #3
SUBMIT (D2L) BY FRIDAY, 5/6, AT 5 P.M.: Short Paper #3