Classics 160D3: Crime and Punishment in the Ancient World (Summer and Winter Sessions, 2020)


Jacques-Louis David, "The Death of Socrates," 1787


Instructor:

John Bauschatz

Time/Location:

online!

Contact Info:

Office: Cesar Chavez 410
Phone: (520) 621-7422 (office)
email: jbausch1@email.arizona.edu


OVERVIEW

This course explores the history of criminal justice systems in the ancient Mediterranean through close examination of select primary sources. Its primary focus is Greece and Rome, but it also covers the ancient Near East and Pharaonic Egypt. We move chronologically, geographically, and topically, treating a broad range of literary and archaeological evidence. Of central importance to the course is the issue of boundaries: between right and wrong, imprisonment and freedom, individual and state. Law codes from Mesopotamia, tomb robbery in the Egyptian New Kingdom, the trial and execution of Socrates, police in the streets of Rome, execution by gladiator, bandits in the Roman Empire, spiritual and allegorical punishment: the course encompasses it all!


GOALS

By the end of this course, you should be able to:

  • Describe the ancient Mediterranean conception(s) of right, wrong, law, justice, crime and punishment.
  • Explain how attitudes towards these same conceptions changed over time and across cultures.
  • List a number of ancient authors whose works touch on the issues of crime and punishment and discuss their works.
  • Compare and contrast law codes from a variety of ancient Mediterranean civilizations.
  • Highlight how religious beliefs and personal values impacted law and order in the ancient world.

PREREQUISITES

There are no prerequisites.


READINGS

The readings for this course will include selections from a number of texts which concern crime and punishment in the ancient world in one way or another: among these inscriptions from ancient Mesopotamia (Hammurabi's Code) and Egypt (papyri detailing a harem conspiracy and tomb robberies); classics of Greco-Roman literature, both prose (Plato's Apology, the speeches of Lysias and Demosthenes, etc.) and poetry (Sophocles' Oedipus the King; Hesiod's Works and Days, et al.); Roman law codes (the Theodosian Code); the autobiography of an emperor (the Res Gestae of Augustus) as well as letters written to one (Pliny's Letters, book 10); and even accounts of trips to hell (Virgil's Aeneid; Dante's Inferno). The full list of readings appears below (see the Course Schedule).

There is one required text for this course:

  • John Bauschatz, ed. Crime and Punishment in the Ancient World. Second edition. Cognella, 2017.

This is a sourcebook of primary readings for CLAS 160D3 available from Cognella/University Readers. Students can buy the book at the UA Bookstore or order it directly from the publisher at the following url: store.cognella.com. (NOTE: The course textbook may be listed under my name as the course text for BOTH CLAS 160D3 ["Critical Concepts in Culture"] AND HIST 203 ["The Ancient Mediterranean: Power and Identity"] on the Cognella website. This is the correct book for both/either of these classes!) I will have a copy of the textbook available for student use in my office during office hours.

Any additional reading assignments for the course will be hyperlinked to this page (see below) or posted on the course D2L site. Many (most?) of the readings will be in .pdf format. To view/download them, you will need Adobe Acrobat Reader (free download available here).


GRADING

Grading for the course will be based on the following breakdown:

  • Worksheets (20%): There are 15 brief comprehension worksheets to complete, one for each assignment. These can be found on D2L. Complete these—with responses of 75 words per question minimum—and submit them electronically on D2L for grading. I suggest that you use them as study guides for quizzes and as notes for your short papers. Your lowest five worksheet grades will be dropped. **Please note: any quoted material does not count towards the word count minimum! Word count totals are totals for your own words, not the words of another author.**

  • Quizzes (20%): There is a brief (15 minute) D2L quiz to complete for each reading assignment = a total of 15 in all. If you do the readings—and complete/review the comprehension worksheets in advance—you should have no trouble doing well on the quizzes. Your lowest five quiz grades will be dropped.

  • Discussions (20%): The quality and quantity of your participation in (online) class discussions. There will be an online discussion forum for each assignment featuring one critical thinking question for you to answer. *In your discussion group, you will need to first start your own thread to respond to the question in a paragraph of 250 or more words. Next, you should read each of the other threads in your group, and respond to two other people (either another student or me, or both) with responses of your own of 125 or more words each.* 50% of a given assignment's discussion grade will come from your initial response and 25% from each of your replies. Your lowest five discussion grades will be dropped. **Please note: any quoted material does not count towards the word count minimum! Word count totals are totals for your own words, not the words of another author.**

  • Short Papers (40% [20% each]): Three papers of between 750 and 1000 words in length based on course readings will be assigned. These are meant to be exercises in analytical thinking and should not require any additional research or reading (though you are certainly welcome to do additional work, if you like!). The topics for each paper are posted on D2L (in the "Short Paper Topics" folder) and are to be submitted on D2L. ***You are allowed to submit drafts of your papers on D2L for some initial feedback—up to 48 hours before the end of the course—and will have the option to revise either the first or the second paper for a better grade if you choose. If you would like to do this, please email me to discuss ways in which you can improve it. Revised papers are due by the final due date. **Please note: any quoted material does not count towards the word count minimum! Word count totals are totals for your own words, not the words of another author.** ***Please also note: You MUST let me know you want to revise one of your papers no later than a week before the end of the term!*** Your lowest paper grade will be dropped.


OTHER (IMPORTANT!) COURSE POLICIES: READ CAREFULLY

  • Course Content: Course readings will regularly contain brutally violent, sexually graphic and/or otherwise potentially offensive material. I assume that all students enrolled in CLAS 160D3 are mature enough to handle such material and suggest that anyone easily offended by such material not take the course.
  • Office Hours: I will be holding regular office hours via zoom during the summer term: M–Th, 1–2 p.m. I will send out meeting info via D2L. I am also easily reached via email (jbausch1@email.arizona.edu) and phone (520 621-7422). email is best. I will do my best to respond to any concerns you have within a few hours, and certainly within a day.
  • D2L: As mentioned above, students in CLAS 160D3 will be expected to be familiar with D2L ("Desire2Learn"), the University's online course content management system. Our use of D2L in CLAS 160D3 will be extensive: we will use D2L not only as a repository for course documents (additional readings, course handouts, etc.) and as a place to post grades, but also for quizzes and discussions and for updates about the course. If you are unfamiliar with D2L, see the D2L help homepage.
  • PLAGIARISM AND USING QUOTED/CITED MATERIAL: Plagiarism is the presentation of another person's work—or what is substantially another person's work—as one's own, and it is strictly forbidden in higher education. If you copy material from an outside source and paste it into a worksheet response, discussion or paper for CLAS 160D3, you have plagiarized. If you copy material from an outside source and paste it into a worksheet response, discussion or paper for CLAS 160D3, and then tweak the pasted material a bit, you have still plagiarized. Responses to questions on reading worksheets, discussion posts and short papers need to be in your own words. No credit is given for plagiarized material. Repeated instances of plagiarism may result in disciplinary acton at the university level. On a related note, it's worth mentioning my policy on using quotations from course materials. I'm fine with it! That said, quotations (which must be set off by quotation marks and have a page number citation) should only be used as supporting material for making your own points, and, maybe most importantly, material within quotation marks DOES NOT COUNT TOWARDS WORD COUNT TOTALS for reading worksheets and papers or in discussion posts. As noted above, word count totals are totals for your own words, not the words of another author.
  • Grades: Grades for papers, discussion posts and worksheets will be entered on D2L (ideally) within one week of submission; grades for quizzes are automatically generated immediately after completion. ***It is your responsibility to keep track of your grades over the term. You have 48 hours from the date of a posted grade to appeal it. After that, the assumption is that you have seen the grade and are OK with it.***
  • Paper Grading: The following rubric will be used to compile your grades on papers in CLAS 160D3 (with thanks to Jennifer Kendall!):

    Category & Description Max Points

    1.) Paper Mechanics

    15 points: The essay adheres to all of the mechanical requirements (formatting, length, margins, proper citations and following any specific instructions for content in the paper assignment).

    10 points: The essay has one or two mechanical errors.

    5 points: The essay has numerous mechanical errors.

    0 points: The essay has numerous mechanical errors and/or is less than the required length.

    15

    B.) Grammar/Spelling/Composition

    15 points: No / almost no spelling, grammar, punctuation or other compositional errors are present. The essay clearly appears to have been proofread and edited.

    10 points: There are a few grammar, spelling, punctuation or other compositional errors but the essay appears to have been proofread and edited.

    5 points: There are many grammar, spelling, punctuation or other compositional errors present.

    0 points: Numerous errors make the essay difficult to read and/or excessively long quotations or paraphrases are used.

    15

    C.) Content

    70 points: The depth of analysis greatly exceeds expectations, details are many and organization is excellent.

    55 points: The depth of analysis is good, as are details and organization, and minimum expectations are exceeded.

    40 points: The essay is basic with an adequate analysis.

    25 points: The essay is poor all around, but there is at least an attempt to follow directions.

    10 points: The essay is poor all around, and there is little to no evidence that the author followed instructions. But at least he/she handed something in!

    70
    Total Possible Points:
    100
  • Final Grades: For the final grade, the following breakdown will be used:

    A+ = 98–100 A = 93–97 A- = 90–92
    B+ = 88–89 B = 83–87 B- = 80–82
    C+ = 78–79 C = 73–77 C- = 70–72
    D+ = 68–69 D = 63–67 D- = 60–62
    F+ = 58–59 F = 53–57 F- = 0–52

    Final grades ending in .5 or higher will be rounded up; those ending in .49 or lower will be rounded down. ***There are NO exceptions to this policy.***

  • If you would like help with your writing, the University’s Writing Skills Improvement Program (http://wsip.arizona.edu) may be a valuable resource. The Program offers professional individual tutoring in writing for students, as well as a number of different types of writing workshops. Register online and improve your prose!

VARIOUS UNIVERSITY POLICIES:

  • Accessibility and Accommodations: My goal in this classroom is that learning experiences be as accessible as possible. If you anticipate or experience physical or academic barriers based on disability, please let me know immediately so that we can discuss options. You are also welcome to contact the Disability Resource Center (520-621-3268) to establish reasonable accommodations. For additional information on the Disability Resource Center and reasonable accommodations, please visit http://drc.arizona.edu.

  • Code of Academic Integrity: Students are encouraged to share intellectual views and discuss freely the principles and applications of course materials. However, graded work/ exercises must be the product of independent effort unless otherwise instructed. Students are expected to adhere to the UA Code of Academic Integrity as described in the UA General Catalog: http://deanofstudents.arizona.edu/academic-integrity/students/academic-integrity.

  • Subject to Change Statement: Information contained in the course syllabus, other than the grade and absence policy, may be subject to change with advance notice, as deemed appropriate by the instructor.

COURSE SCHEDULE AND DUE DATES

What follows is a list of assignments for CLAS 160D3. Since this is (for the most part) a self-paced online course, there is ***ONLY ONE DUE DATE/TIME PER SESSION.*** They are the following:

  • Presession 2020: 11:59 p.m. on Friday, June 5
  • Summer Session 1 2020: 11:59 p.m. on Friday, July 10
  • Summer Session 2 2020: 11:59 p.m. on Friday, August 14
  • Winter Session 2020: 11:59 p.m. on Friday, January 15 (2021)

ALL of your work for the course MUST be submitted on D2L by the specified date/time in order for it to count towards your final grade for the course. Anything not submitted by this deadline will not be counted.

Since there are 15 assignments in this course, but ultimately only 10 will count towards your final grade, you should feel free to consider 5 of the assignments (readings, worksheets, quizzes and discussions) entirely optional. If you complete more than 10 of the assignments, only your best 10 grades in each category (worksheet, quiz and discussion) will count towards your final grade. Since only your two highest paper grades will count towards your final grade, you should also feel free to skip one of the paper assignments.

Check this page often, as readings and assignments are subject to change. I will also (of course!) give you all a heads-up over email or on the course D2L page if a major shake-up is imminent.


Assignment Topic
1

Mesopotamia (1): Life and Law in the Ancient Near East

VIEW (D2L): PowerPoints on Mediterranean Geography and Ancient Babylon

READ (D2L): Samuel Greengus, "Legal and Social Institutions of Ancient Mesopotamia" (pp469–484 of J.M. Sasson, ed., Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, vol. 1 [New York, 1995]); Introduction, Hammurabi's Laws; (Bauschatz): Hammurabi's Laws (pp1–28)

COMPLETE (D2L): Reading Worksheet #1, D2L Quiz #1, Discussion #1

2

Egypt (1): Law, Society and Officials

VIEW (D2L): PowerPoints on Ancient Egypt and the Pharaoh and Vizier

READ (D2L): David Lorton, "Legal and Social Institutions of Pharaonic Egypt" (pp345–362 of J.M. Sasson, ed., Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, vol. 1 [New York, 1995]); (Bauschatz): the Instruction Addressed to King Merikare (pp29–44); information on the vizier Rekhmire(Bauschatz): the Regulation Laid Upon the Vizier Rekhmire (pp45–55)

COMPLETE (D2L): Reading Worksheet #2, D2L Quiz #2, Discussion #2

3

Egypt (2): Crime and Punishment (Mostly Punishment)

VIEW (D2L): PowerPoints on Papyrology and Greek History

READ: info on the Judicial Turin Papyrus and P.Leopold II-Amherst; (Bauschatz): the Judicial Turin Papyrus (pp57–69); P.Leopold II-Amherst (pp71–74); basic info on The Eloquent Peasant; (Bauschatz): The Eloquent Peasant (pp75–92)

COMPLETE (D2L): Reading Worksheet #3, D2L Quiz #3, Discussion #3

4

Ancient Greece (1): History, Law and Society

VIEW (D2L): PowerPoints on Sparta and Athens

READ (D2L): Douglas MacDowell, "Greek Law" (pp589–606 of M. Grant and R. Kitzinger, eds., Civilization of the Ancient Mediterranean: Greece and Rome, vol. 1 [New York, 1988]); (Bauschatz): Xenophon, Constitution of the Spartans (pp93–107)

COMPLETE (D2L): Reading Worksheet #4, D2L Quiz #4, Discussion #4

5

Ancient Greece (2): Poetic Justice

VIEW (D2L): PowerPoints on Greek Religion and Epic Poetry

READ: basic info on Hesiod; (Bauschatz): Hesiod, Theogony (pp109–152); (Bauschatz): Hesiod, Works and Days (pp153–183)

COMPLETE (D2L): Reading Worksheet #5, D2L Quiz #5, Discussion #5

6

Ancient Greece (3): Murder, etc., in Athens

VIEW (D2L): PowerPoints on Crime and Punishment in Ancient Greece and Ancient Oratory

READ (Bauschatz): Lysias 1, On the Murder of Eratosthenes (pp185–192); (Bauschatz): Antiphon 1, Accusation of Poisoning against the Stepmother (pp193–198); (Bauschatz): Demosthenes 54, Against Conon for Battery (pp199–209)

COMPLETE (D2L): Reading Worksheet #6, D2L Quiz #6, Discussion #6

7

Ancient Greece (4): Plato, Socrates and the Great Defense

VIEW (D2L): PowerPoints on Greek Philosophy and the Persian Wars

READ: basic info on Plato and Socrates; (Bauschatz): Plato, Apology of Socrates (pp211–240); (Bauschatz): Plato, Crito (pp241–253)

COMPLETE (D2L): Reading Worksheet #7, D2L Quiz #7, Discussion #7

8

Ancient Greece (5): Divine Punishment

VIEW (D2L): PowerPoints on Greek Tragedy and the Peloponnesian Wars

READ: basic info on Sophocles and ancient Thebes; (Bauschatz): Sophocles, Oedipus the King (pp255–326)

COMPLETE (D2L): Reading Worksheet #8, D2L Quiz #8, Discussion #8

9

Ancient Greece (6): Busting and Booking in Ptolemaic Egypt

VIEW (D2L): PowerPoints on the Hellenistic Period and Early Roman History

READ: basic info on the Ptolemies; (Bauschatz): Ptolemaic papyri on policing (pp327–354)

COMPLETE (D2L): Reading Worksheet #9, D2L Quiz #9, Discussion #9

10

Ancient Rome (1): Law and Society

VIEW (D2L): PowerPoints on the "Roman Revolution" and the Late Roman Republic

READ (D2L): Alan Watson, "Roman Law" (pp607–629 of M. Grant and R. Kitzinger, eds., Civilization of the Ancient Mediterranean: Greece and Rome, vol. 1 [New York, 1988]);(Bauschatz): the Twelve Tables (pp355–363)

COMPLETE (D2L): Reading Worksheet #10, D2L Quiz #10, Discussion #10

11

Ancient Rome (2): Rulers and Ruled

VIEW (D2L): PowerPoints on Augustus and Roman Provinces

READ (Bauschatz): The Deeds of the Divine Augustus (pp365–373); info on Pliny the Younger and the emperor Trajan; (Bauschatz): Pliny, Epistles, book 10 (X) (pp375–404): Letters 19–20, 29–34, 56–60, 65–66, 78, 96–97

COMPLETE (D2L): Reading Worksheet #11, D2L Quiz #11, Discussion #11

12

Ancient Rome (3): the Spectacle of Punishment

VIEW (D2L): PowerPoints on Roman Entertainment and First Century Emperors

READ: info on Roman gladiators; (D2L): Chapters 1–3 (pp1–15) of E. Clark, "Capital Punishment in Ancient Rome" (Honors Thesis, Classics, Xavier University, 2005); info on Tertullian; (Bauschatz): Tertullian, On the Spectacles (pp405–430)

COMPLETE (D2L): Reading Worksheet #12, D2L Quiz #12, Discussion #12

13

Ancient Rome (4): Robbers and Frauds

VIEW (D2L): PowerPoints on Sexond Century Emperors and Mystery Religions

READ: biography of Apuleius; Apuleius, The Golden Ass, summary and analysis of books 1–3; (Bauschatz): The Golden Ass 4.1–27, 6.25–32 and 7.1–13 (pp431–452); biography of Lucian; (Bauschatz): Lucian, Alexander the Quack Prophet (pp453–472); more information on Glykon

COMPLETE (D2L): Reading Worksheet #13, D2L Quiz #13, Discussion #13

14

Ancient Rome (5): Late Antique Law

VIEW (D2L): PowerPoints on the Crisis of the Third Century and Magic

READ: basic info on late antiquity and the Theodosian Code; (Bauschatz): Theodosian Code, Book 9, Titles 2–17 (pp473–499)

COMPLETE (D2L): Reading Worksheet #14, D2L Quiz #14, Discussion #14

15

Ancient Rome (6): Hell

VIEW (D2L): PowerPoint on the Fall of the Roman Empire and the Afterlife in the Ancient World

READ: basic info on Virgil; summary of the Aeneid, books 1–5; (Bauschatz): Virgil, Aeneid, book 6 (pp501–533); Dante, short biography; Inferno: summary; (Bauschatz): Inferno, Cantos i–v (pp535–562)

COMPLETE (D2L): Reading Worksheet #15, D2L Quiz #15, Discussion #15

U of A | Bauschatz