PPEL Concentrations

The PPEL major requires that, in addition to the core and foundation courses, students complete 12 credits in an area of concentration. The area of concentration requirement can be fulfilled in three ways.

Option 1: Electives

Students can fulfill their area of concentration requirement by talking 12 credits from the following list

Note: Courses may require prerequisites - such prerequisites do not count toward elective requirments.

Note: Honors students may use their thesis for 6 credits toward elective requirements.

Option 2: Philosophy Minor

PPEL/Philosophy Minor

PPPEL Majors who wish to complete the "Moral, Economic and Political Values Track" and declare a minor in Philosophy may share up to 12 upper division units between the PPEL major and the PHIL minor. This has the effective of being able to complete the PPEL major and the PHIL minor with only 6 additional units (2 courses) more than what is required to complete the PPEL major alone.

Option 3:PPEL/Philosophy Double Major

PPEL majors double-majoring in Philosophy (Ethics or General Track) may "double dip" up to 12 units (4 courses) between the majors. The following Philosophy courses may be used in the PPEL major as indicated:

Phil 210 and Phil/Pol/PA 250 can be used to satisfy PPEL Foundation requirement

The following courses can be used to full the area of concentration requirments:


philosophy, politics, economics & law


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